Types of sports
Speed Skating is a winter sport where it is necessary to cover a certain distance on ice. The current international standard for a speed skating ice rink is 400 meters. The athletes use a special type of racing skates.
Short Track is a sport that involves athletes running on ice inside a hockey court. The athlete is equipped with a skin-tight racing suit, a helm, gloves and protective wear such as knee, shin and neck guards. The sport became popular in Canada during the first half of the 20th century.
An ice skating sport, the basis of which is the movement of the athlete on ice accompanied by a musical score, with changes in directional movement, spinning, jumps, a combination of steps and the drawing of figures in solo acts and of support in pair performances.
Modern ice hockey with a puck was formed as sport in Canada. At first it was played with a heavy ball called a "shinny". "British soldiers played shinny in the port of Kingston in 1843" – an inscription in Kingston’s Hockey Hall of Fame. In 1879 W.F. Robertson formulated the rules for hockey, for the first time suggesting the use of a rubber puck. In 1885 the Amateur Hockey Association was formed in Montreal.
Curling is a sport on ice rink in which members of two teams slide stones made of granite weighing about 20 kilograms towards a target area.